Microprocessors are used extensively in the design of any computing facility. It contains units to carry out arithmetic and logic calculations, fast storage in terms of registers and associated control logic to get instructions from memory and execute them. A number of devices can be interfaced with them to develop a complete system application. On the other hand, microcontrollers are single chip computers, integrating processor, memory and other peripheral modules into a single System-on-Chip (SoC). Apart from input-output ports, the peripherals often include timers, data converters, communication modules, and so on. The single chip solution makes the footprint of the computational element small in the overall system package, eliminating the necessity of additional chips on board. However, there exists a large range of such products. While the simpler microcontrollers are cheap, their capabilities (in terms of program size and analog and digital peripherals) are also limited. Such processors may be suitable for small applications. Microcontrollers like 8051, PIC belong to this category. On the other hand, advanced microcontrollers are often much more powerful, comparable to the very advanced microprocessors. The AVR and ARM processors are of this category.
This course will start with a discussion on a simple microprocessor, 8085. Understanding this architecture is the basis to follow any other complex CPU architecture. It will be followed by a complete overview of a range of microcontrollers covering 8051, PIC, AVR and ARM. The hardware intricacies of these processors and their programming will be covered. Different system design examples built around these processors will also be elaborated.
CSE, ECE, EE
Digital Design, Digital Logic
Companies involved in development of microprocessor and microcontroller based products
ABOUT THE INSTRUCTOR
Prof . Santanu Chattopadhyay received his BE degree in Computer Science and Technology from Calcutta University (B.E. College) in 1990. He received M.Tech in Computer and Information Technology and PhD in Computer Science and Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur in 1992 and 1996, respectively. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering, IIT Kharagpur. Prior to this, he had been a faculty member in the IIEST Sibpur and IIT Guwahati in the departments of Computer Science and Engineering. In both these places he has taught the subject of Compiler Design several times. His research interests include Digital Design, Embedded Systems, System-on-Chip (SoC) and Network-on-Chip (NoC) Design and Test, Power- and Thermal-aware Testing of VLSI Circuits and Systems. He has published more than 150 papers in reputed international journals and conferences. He has published several text and reference books on Compiler Design, Embedded Systems and other related areas. He is a senior member of the IEEE and an Associate Editor of IET Circuits Devices and Systems journal.
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Week 1: Introduction: General processor architecture, Microprocessors, Microcontrollers Week 2: 8085 – Part I Week 3: 8085 – Part II Week 4: 8085 – Part III Week 5: 8085 – Part IV Week 6: 8051 – Part I Week 7: 8051 – Part II Week 8: PIC, AVR Week 9: ARM – Part I Week 10:ARM – Part II Week 11:Interfacing examples – Part I Week 12: Interfacing examples – Part II
Books and References
1. R. Gaonkar, “Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications with the 8085”, Prentice Hall, 2014.
2. M.A. Mazidi, R.D. McKinlay, J.G. Mazidi, “The 8051 Microcontroller: A Systems Approach”, Pearson, 2013.
3. M.Bates, “PIC Microcontrollers”, Newnes, 2011.
4. M.A. Mazidi, S. Naimi, S. Naimi, “The AVR Microcontroller and Embedded Systems: Using Assembly and C”, Prentice Hall, 2011.
5. W.A. Smith, “ARM Microcontroller Interfacing: Hardware and Software, Eketor, 2010.