Object Oriented Analysis and Design


Prof. Partha Pratim Das

Prof. Samiran Chattopadhyay

Prof. Kausik Datta

IIT Kharagpur

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SKU: IIT Kharagpur Category:


The complexity of software systems is ever on the rise – more complex problem domains being attempted (complex embedded systems), ever growing number of developers engaged in increasingly intricate development processes to turnaround in shorter and shorter time, flexibility of software and models of implementation being stretched to the limit with XaaS, platforms getting challenging with widely expanding distribution, cloud computation etc. Hence the analysis and design of software require well-organized and structured approaches to manage the challenges of complexity – even more than ever before.
Over the past two decades, methods of Object-Oriented Analysis, Design and Programming have proved to be effective solutions in handling the inherent complexity of software design, development, testing and maintenance. Concepts of OOAD like Abstraction, Encapsulation, Modularity, Hierarchy, Object, State, Behavior, Identity, Class, Operation, Interface, Inheritance, Association, Aggregation, Decomposition, Use-case, etc. have become the lingua franca for the software developers; ubiquitous notation of UML (Unified Modeling Language) has firmly established itself as the vehicular language for design; and many object-based as well as object-oriented languages have become available and have been widely adopted (based on TIOBE Index for May 2019) – Java (16%), C++ (8%), Python (8%), VB / VB.NET (5.5%), C# (4%), Perl (1.5%), Ruby (1.5%), Objective-C (1.5%), Delphi/Object Pascal (1.5%), D (1%) – to name a few. Even out of C (14%) developers, a large section today adheres to OOAD / OOP principles in design and disciplined modular implementation.
The present course introduces OOAD grounds up – starting with breaking down the root causes of inherent software complexity. After an in-depth exposure to Object Models, Classes and their interactions, the course takes a thorough tour of the diagrams of UML 2.0. Several systems examples help students understand the concept and tutorials offer quick practice. The course ends with a brief discourse on OOP in C++.
While this course can be followed independently (with some programming background), it would help in practicing OOP in C++ or Java. Hence this course is advised in conjunction with a course on C++ / Java.


UG, PG Course, BCA, MCA, B.Tech., M.Tech.


  1. Basic Knowledge of Programming & Data Structure
  2. Experience of Programming Projects would help; but is not mandatory
  3. Attending a course on C++ with this course will help


Object-Oriented Analysis and Design is at the core of software development processes. Hence all software development companies have a need for the same. These include – Microsoft, Samsung, Xerox, Yahoo, Google, IBM, TCS, Infosys, Amazon, Flipkart, etc.


Prof. Partha Pratim Das received his BTech, MTech and PhD degrees in 1984, 1985 and 1988 respectively from IIT Kharagpur. He served as a faculty in Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Kharagpur from 1988 to 1998. In 1998, he joined Alumnus Software Ltd as a Business Development Manager. From 2001 to 2011, he worked for Interra Systems, Inc. as a Senior Director and headed its Kolkata Center. In 2011, he joined back to Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Kharagpur as Professor. Dr. Das has also served as a Visiting Professor with Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics, Calcutta University from 2003 to 2013.

Dr. Das is currently the Head of Rajendra Mishra School of Engineering Entrepreneurship, the Professor-inCharge of the upcoming Research Park of IIT Kharagpur at Rajarhat, Kolkata, and the Joint Principal Investigator of National Digital Library of India project of MHRD.

Dr. Das has taught several courses in Computer Science including Software Engineering, Object-Oriented Systems, Programming and Data Structure, Compiler Design, Design and Analysis of Algorithms, Information System Design, Database Management Systems, Computational Geometry, Principles of Programming Languages, Embedded Systems, and Image Processing. Jointly with 2 others, he has also offered a course on Introduction to Design of Algorithms under the T10KT program of NME-ICT, MHRD (https://www.facebook.com/t10kt.algorithms/) to nearly 7000 teachers. Further, Dr. Das has been offering Programming in C++ and Object-Oriented Analysis and Design in NPTEL-NOC. Both courses are regularly attended by thousands of students.

Dr. Das has published over 40 technical papers in international journals in areas of Digital Geometry, Image Processing, Parallel Computing and Knowledge-based Systems. In 2013 he has co-authored a research monograph titled Digital Geometry in Image Processing (CRC Press). His current interests include Human-Computer Interactions, Computer Analysis of Indian Classical Dance, Object-Oriented Systems Analysis and Design, Software Engineering, Compiler Technology, and Technology Enabled Learning. Dr. Das is a member of Association of Computing Machinery (ACM), The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and Indian Unit for Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence (IUPRAI).

Samiran Chattopadhyay obtained his B Tech and M Tech degree in 1987 and 1989 respectively from IIT Kharagpur. He obtained his PhD degree from Jadavpur University in 1993. He served as a faculty in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Jadavpur University from 1989 to 1993. In 1993, he moved to industry and joined back the same department in Jadavpur University as an Associate Professor in 1997. Since 2001, he is a Professor of Information Technology in Jadavpur University.

Dr. Chattopadhyay is also a visiting fellow of the University of Northumbria, Newcastle upn Tyne UK. He was an adjunct faculty at IIT Kharagpur for the Distributed Systems course and a visiting faculty member for the MTech course by IIT Kharagpur which was offered in distance learning mode.
Dr. Chattopadhyay has more than two decades of experience of serving reputed Industry houses including Mindware, Computer Associates TCG Software, Interra Systems India Ltd. He is also a project consultant of the prestigious National Digital Library Mission of Government of India.

Dr. Chattopadhyay has taught several courses in Computer Science including Software Engineering, Object-Oriented Systems, Programming and Data Structure, Compiler Design, Design and Analysis of Algorithms, Information System Design, Database Management Systems, Ad hoc Wireless Networks, Cloud Computing. Dr. Chattopadhyay has been a co-faculty in Database Management Systems in NPTEL-NOC.

Dr. Chattopadhyay has published over 60 technical papers in international journals in the areas of Wireless Networks, Network Security, Machine learning applications. He has co- authored a research monograph titled ‘Digital Geometry in Image Processing’, a textbook titled ‘Data Structures through C’ and ‘Big Data in e-Healthcare’. His current research interests include Network Security, Machine learning, Wireless network and Pervasive computing.

Kausik Datta has over 23 years of experience in engineering and management at the EDA industry. Currently he is working as Principal Engineer and Manager at Mentor Graphics (India) Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata and leading the Front-end Analyzer Group. Prior to working with Mentor Kausik had worked with Interra Systems, Delsoft and Siemens on software development in EDA and Telecom domain. Kausik received his Bachelor of Engineering degree in Electrical Engineering from Jadavpur University, and his M. Tech. in Computer Science from the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata.

Additional information


IIT Kharagpur

Total hours


Certification Process

1. Join the course
Learners may pay the applicable fees and enrol to a course on offer in the portal and get access to all of its contents including assignments. Validity of enrolment, which includes access to the videos and other learning material and attempting the assignments, will be mentioned on the course. Learner has to complete the assignments and get the minimum required marks to be eligible for the certification exam within this period.

COURSE ENROLMENT FEE: The Fee for Enrolment is Rs. 2000 + GST

2. Watch Videos+Submit Assignments
After enrolling, learners can watch lectures and learn and follow it up with attempting/answering the assignments given.

3. Get qualified to register for exams
A learner can earn a certificate in the self paced course only by appearing for the online remote proctored exam and to register for this, the learner should get minimum required marks in the assignments as given below:

Assignment score = Score more than 50% in at least 6/8 assignments.
Exam score = 50% of the proctored certification exam score out of 100
Only the e-certificate will be made available. Hard copies will not be dispatched.”

4. Register for exams
The certification exam is conducted online with remote proctoring. Once a learner has become eligible to register for the certification exam, they can choose a slot convenient to them from what is available and pay the exam fee. Schedule of available slot dates/timings for these remote-proctored online examinations will be published and made available to the learners.

EXAM FEE: The remote proctoring exam is optional for a fee of Rs.1500 + GST. An additional fee of Rs.1500 will apply for a non-standard time slot.

5. Results and Certification
After the exam, based on the certification criteria of the course, results will be declared and learners will be notified of the same. A link to download the e-certificate will be shared with learners who pass the certification exam.


Course Details

Week 1: Software Complexity: Understanding the challenges OOAD can address

Week 2: Object Model: Defining the primitives of the OO paradigm

Week 3: Classes and Objects: Bringing in the broader perspectives

Week 4: Classes and Objects: Identification approaches using OOAD

Week 5: Unified Modeling Language

Week 6: Unified Modeling Language

Week 7: Unified Modeling Language

Week 8: OOAD Case Studies: Applying OOAD in different contexts

Books and References

Text Books / Basic Material
  1. Object-Oriented Analysis and Design with Applications, Third Edition by Grady Booch, Robert A. Maksimchuk, Michael W. Engle, Bobbi J. Young, Jim Conallen, and Kelli Houston, 2007. This book will be followed in the course.
  2. Learning UML 2.0 by Russ Miles & Kim Hamilton (O’Reilly), 2006
  3. Presentations used in the Course
Reference Material
  1. Object Management Group (OMG): http://www.omg.org/. This is the official Site for UML.
  2. Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software with Applying UML and Patterns: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Analysis and Design and the Unified Process by Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, and John Vlissides, 2003


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